Resilience and impulsivity in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder.

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Resilience and impulsivity in euthymic patients with bipolar disorder.

J Affect Disord. 2014 Sep 6;170C:172-177

Authors: Choi JW, Cha B, Jang J, Park CS, Kim BJ, Lee CS, Lee SJ

BACKGROUND: Stress plays an important role in the onset and recurrence of bipolar disorder (BD). Resilience is the ability to cope with stress or adversity. Few studies have examined resilience in BD, and this study aimed to investigate the clinical correlates of resilience in euthymic patients with BD.
METHODS: A total of 62 outpatients with BD type I, II, and not otherwise specified (NOS) who were in remission and 62 healthy individuals matched with the BD group in terms of age and sex were recruited. All participants completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and Barratt Impulsiveness Scale. A psychiatrist interviewed the subjects to assess clinical characteristics. Multiple linear regression analysis was used to determine factors associated with resilience.
RESULTS: The BD group had significantly higher levels of impulsivity and lower levels of resilience compared with the control group. Degree of impulsivity, number of depressive episodes, Clinical Global Impression (CGI) scores, and length of education were significantly correlated with resilience. Attention impulsivity, non-planning impulsivity, and number of depressive episodes were associated with low levels of resilience, even when age, sex, length of education, and CGI scores were controlled.
LIMITATIONS: Because tertiary hospital patients were recruited, the generalizability of the findings is limited.
CONCLUSIONS: This study shows that low levels of resilience are related to high levels of impulsivity and to an increased number of depressive episodes in euthymic patients with BD. Given the reciprocal relationship between resilience and impulsivity, efforts to enhance resilience and reduce impulsivity may make important contributions to the treatment of patients with BD.

PMID: 25243746 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]