Diet quality and eating patterns in euthymic bipolar patients.

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Diet quality and eating patterns in euthymic bipolar patients.

Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2019 Feb;23(3):1221-1238

Authors: Łojko D, Stelmach-Mardas M, Suwalska A

OBJECTIVE: As mood disorders and obesity are interrelated, and both are linked to increased morbidity and mortality, risk factors for obesity should be identified and closely monitored in patients with bipolar disorder (BD). The aim of this study was to determine the diet quality of BD patients and to investigate its putative associations with comorbid obesity and disorders of carbohydrate metabolism, as well as the relationship between diet and clinical features of BD.
PATIENTS AND METHODS: Eating patterns in 113 euthymic BD patients and 160 healthy control subjects were assessed using data obtained from a food frequency questionnaire. Associations of diet quality with subjects' weight, waist circumference (WC), insulin resistance index and clinical features of BD were also analyzed.
RESULTS: BD patients had lower Mediterranean Diet Score than controls. Using principal analysis, four dietary patterns were revealed in the BD group (western-type, pro-healthy carbohydrates, unhealthy snacks, and meats and potatoes). Over 70% of patients with BD had Body Mass Index above 25kg/m2. The values of Fasting Triglycerides Glucose Index and WC were significantly higher in BD patients than in the control group. No significant association between diet quality indices and the clinical course of BD was found.
CONCLUSIONS: In our work, euthymic bipolar patients showed unhealthy dietary patterns and had lower adherence to the Mediterranean diet than the controls. Increased values of insulin resistance indicators in the BD group point to the necessity of monitoring glucose and triglycerides levels and measurement of waist circumference in bipolar patients in the routine clinical practice. The cooperation between psychiatrists, dieticians and other medical professionals are necessary to develop dietary recommendations for patients with bipolar disorder.

PMID: 30779092 [PubMed - in process]