[Midwives’ feelings about the post-partum care of women with severe mental illness: A qualitative analysis].

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[Midwives' feelings about the post-partum care of women with severe mental illness: A qualitative analysis].

Encephale. 2019 Sep 12;:

Authors: Dubreucq M, Jourdan S, Poizat A, Dubreucq J

Abstract
BACKGROUND: A significant proportion of women with Severe Mental Illness (SMI) will become mothers during their reproductive life. These pregnancies are, however, more at risk of psychiatric, obstetrical and neonatal complications (increased risks of post-partum depression, relapse, suicide, gestational diabetes, placental abnormalities or low birth weight). Midwives often feel isolated and resourceless when taking care of these women. Specialized units such as mother-infant psychiatric units or the Transversal Unit of Perinatal Care (UTAP) in the Grenoble Alpes University Hospital (CHUGA) enhance the coordination between psychiatric and obstetrical teams and have shown effectiveness in improving maternal and child outcomes.
OBJECTIVES: i) to assess midwives' feelings about the postpartum care of women with SMI; ii) to determine UTAP's impact on this feeling and its determinants; iii) to look for unmet needs.
METHODS: This study is a prospective, exploratory, qualitative analysis. Twenty midwives from Grenoble Alpes University Hospital who took care of one of the selected patients participated in this study. Two women had schizophrenia and one bipolar disorder. Interviews realized with a semi-structured guide were fully transcribed, anonymized and thematically analyzed. Topics have been structured according to the number of occurrences to build a thematic tree.
RESULTS: Midwives felt insecure and resourceless when the postpartum care was unclear, insufficiently anticipated and in case of a danger for the women or the children. They felt uneasy when not feeling able to provide usual care to these patients (due to lack of specific knowledge about SMI and to the impossibility to consider their patient otherwise than through their pathology). Midwives felt at ease and secure when the postpartum care was anticipated. UTAP was identified as a resource for midwives. Specific training and improvements in the organization of the pre and post-natal care could improve midwives' feelings when taking care of women with SMI.

PMID: 31522833 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]