Public Stigma toward Mental Illness and its Correlates among Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia.

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Public Stigma toward Mental Illness and its Correlates among Patients Diagnosed with Schizophrenia.

Contemp Nurse. 2019 Sep 19;:1-23

Authors: Rayan A, Aldaieflih M

Background. Patients diagnosed with schizophrenia confront high degree of exclusion and prejudice, but the correlates of stigma among people diagnosed with schizophrenia (PDwS) have yet to be established. Aims: This study aims to assess the level of stigma toward mental illness, and factors associated with mental illness stigma among Jordanian patients diagnosed with schizophrenia. Methods: A cross-sectional research design was used. One hundred and sixty Jordanian outpatients suffering from schizophrenia completed the study. Participants completed measures of demographic variables, intensity of physical pain, severity of depression and stigma toward mental illness. One Way ANOVA, Pearson product-moment correlation, and multiple hierarchical regression analysis were used to identify factors associated with stigma toward mental illness. Results. Participants had moderate level of perceived public stigma. Gender, age, family income, frequency of relapse, reasons for visit to the psychiatric clinic, perceived physical pain, and severity of depressive symptoms were significantly correlated with stigma toward mental illness among the study sample. Multiple hierarchical regression analysis revealed that the clinical variables accounted for 15% additional variance above and beyond the 13% variance accounted for by demographic variables. Conclusions. This study identified the unique role of demographic and clinical variables in mental illness stigma among patients with schizophrenia. Nurses should consider these variables when implementing anti-stigma intervention programs. Impact Statement Both clinical and demographic variables are associated with perceived stigma toward mental illness among patients diagnosed with schizophrenia.

PMID: 31535959 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]