Self-reported medication adherence and its correlates in a lithium-maintained cohort with bipolar disorder at a tertiary care centre in India.

Self-reported medication adherence and its correlates in a lithium-maintained cohort with bipolar disorder at a tertiary care centre in India.

Asian J Psychiatr. 2019 Sep 23;46:34-40

Authors: Singh S, Kumar S, Mahal P, Vishwakarma A, Deep R

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Lithium remains a cornerstone of prophylaxis in bipolar disorder (BD), but adherence continues to be a major clinical challenge and merits a closer attention. There is scant literature available in Indian as well as Asian context.
METHODS: This study was conducted at Department of Psychiatry, AIIMS, New Delhi with an aim to assess the self-reported medication adherence and its correlates among a naturalistic, lithium-maintained cohort (n = 76) with bipolar disorder. Subjects were included if they were on lithium therapy ≥1 year, met DSM-5 diagnosis of bipolar disorder and were in clinical remission (≥1 month). Besides sociodemographic and clinical performa, participants were assessed on medication adherence rating scale (MARS), lithium questionnaire for knowledge and lithium attitude questionnaire (LAQ).
RESULTS: Mean age was 35.7 ± 10.6 years (males: 59.2%); median duration of illness and lithium therapy was 84 months and 24.5 months, respectively. Mean MARS score was 6.95 ± 2.81. Regression analysis (with MARS total as dependent variable) found LAQ score to be the single most significant predictor variable (β=-0.681, p < 0.0001), explaining over 75% of the total variance. In regression model with MARS factor-1 score as dependent variable, the 'LAQ score' (β=-0.601, p < 0.0001) and 'being accompanied by family during psychiatric visits (always/mostly) in the past year' (β = 0.193, p = 0.010) emerged as significant predictor variables.
CONCLUSION: Adherence in lithium-maintained treatment-seeking cohort of patients with BD remains far from ideal as observed in this naturalistic setting. Lithium-related attitudes and being accompanied by family during psychiatric visits were found to be significant predictors for adherence.

PMID: 31590007 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]