A systematic review of the role of the nociceptin receptor system in stress, cognition, and reward: relevance to schizophrenia.

A systematic review of the role of the nociceptin receptor system in stress, cognition, and reward: relevance to schizophrenia.

Transl Psychiatry. 2018 Feb 02;8(1):38

Authors: Khan MS, Boileau I, Kolla N, Mizrahi R

Abstract
Schizophrenia is a debilitating neuropsychiatric illness that is characterized by positive, negative, and cognitive symptoms. Research over the past two decades suggests that the nociceptin receptor system may be involved in domains affected in schizophrenia, based on evidence aligning it with hallmark features of the disorder. First, aberrant glutamatergic and striatal dopaminergic function are associated with psychotic symptoms, and the nociceptin receptor system has been shown to regulate dopamine and glutamate transmission. Second, stress is a critical risk factor for first break and relapse in schizophrenia, and evidence suggests that the nociceptin receptor system is also directly involved in stress modulation. Third, cognitive deficits are prevalent in schizophrenia, and the nociceptin receptor system has significant impact on learning and working memory. Last, reward processing is disrupted in schizophrenia, and nociceptin signaling has been shown to regulate reward cue salience. These findings provide the foundation for the involvement of the nociceptin receptor system in the pathophysiology of schizophrenia and outline the need for future research into this system.

PMID: 29391391 [PubMed - in process]

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