Comparison of treatment effectiveness and medical costs for different long-acting injectable antipsychotics in patients with schizophrenia in Taiwan: A nationwide population-based cohort study.

Comparison of treatment effectiveness and medical costs for different long-acting injectable antipsychotics in patients with schizophrenia in Taiwan: A nationwide population-based cohort study.

Schizophr Res. 2016 Mar 14;

Authors: Wu CS, Cheng IC, Feng J, Chen CL

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To assess the comparative effectiveness and medical costs of five long-acting injectable (LAI) antipsychotics, flupentixol, fluphenazine, haloperidol, risperidone, and clopentixol/zuclopentixol, in patients with schizophrenia.
METHOD: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients with schizophrenia using data from Taiwan's National Health Insurance Research Database. Patients aged 15years or older who began treatment with LAI antipsychotics between June 1, 2004 and December 31, 2008 were enrolled and followed for 1year. We evaluated the medical costs and treatment effectiveness, which was assessed using the rates of treatment discontinuation, psychiatric hospitalization, and emergency department visits. Risperidone was used as a reference group.
RESULTS: Compared to risperidone, flupentixol was associated with higher hazard ratios of treatment discontinuation and psychiatric hospitalization, fluphenazine was associated with higher hazard ratios of treatment discontinuation, and haloperidol was associated with higher rates of psychiatric hospitalization and emergence department visits. However, fluphenazine, flupentixol, and haloperidol were associated with lower medical costs compared to risperidone. Clopentixol/zuclopentixol was inferior to risperidone in treatment effectiveness and medical cost.
CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggest that patients taking the LAI risperidone may be more effective in some but not all outcome measures; however, risperidone was also associated with higher medical costs in the Taiwanese healthcare setting.

PMID: 26987938 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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