[Acute delirium in decompensated schizophrenia and bipolar disorder].

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[Acute delirium in decompensated schizophrenia and bipolar disorder].

Rev Prat. 2015 Feb;65(2):235-40

Authors: Faget-Agius C, Lançon C

Abstract
Acute delirium is common in decompensated schizophrenia and bipolar disor- der: more 50% in two years after the first episode of schizophrenia and 90% of patients with a diagnosis of bipolar disorder. Early signs precede in more 50% of cases the delirious exacerbation of 6 months. These non-specific signs are a change in the mood, an increase of anxiety, sleep and food disorders and suicidal ideation. After this prodromal phase, a persecutory delusion and hallucinations are often present in decompensated schizophrenia. In decompensated bipolar disorder, the delusional syndrome is congruent with the mood. The care should be the earliest possible. The treatment by antipsychotic or mood stabilizer must be increased or re-introduced and maintained during a long time in order to prevent a relapse. In parallel, a psychosocial care must be instituted.

PMID: 25939232 [PubMed - in process]

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