Deeper into schizotypy and motor performance: Investigating the nature of motor control in a non-psychiatric sample.

Deeper into schizotypy and motor performance: Investigating the nature of motor control in a non-psychiatric sample.

Psychiatry Res. 2015 Mar 23;

Authors: Roché MW, Fowler ML, Lenzenweger MF

Abstract
Numerous studies have demonstrated that motor control deficits are characteristic of patients diagnosed with schizophrenia and those at-risk for the development of the disorder. Recent advances in the quantification of motor dysfunction have confirmed this, but these methods fail to consider an important aspect of subject performance: the qualitative nature of their psychomotor dyscontrol. We report on a novel technique used to quantify the qualitative nature of psychomotor performance and its relation to schizotypy. Control (n=35) and schizotypic subjects (n=47) completed a line-drawing task that yields metrics for psychomotor control and predominant frequency. Schizotypes evidenced greater psychomotor dyscontrol and lower predominant frequencies than controls. These results are interpreted as evidence of reduced visual-motor integration, self-monitoring capacity, or adherence to basic motor principles in schizotypes. The potential use of these metrics as putative endophenotypes for the liability for schizophrenia and the implications of these findings for the relationship between schizophrenia and schizotypy are discussed.

PMID: 25887054 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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