Effects of Out-of-hospital Continuing Nursing on Schizophrenia Patients’ Rehabilitation and Quality of Life.

Effects of Out-of-hospital Continuing Nursing on Schizophrenia Patients' Rehabilitation and Quality of Life.

Open Med (Wars). 2017;12:501-505

Authors: Ye M, Guo J, Song C, Zheng F

Abstract
Objective: This paper aims to explore specific effects of out-of-hospital continuing nursing on schizophrenia patients' health rehabilitation and quality of life, and further improve application and popularization of out-of-hospital continuing nursing.
Methods: The 180 schizophrenia patients discharged from our hospital from March 2014 to March 2016 were selected as the subjects. The patients were divided into two groups according to the randomized double-blind method. Both groups received routine discharge guidance, and the observation group received out-of-hospital continuing nursing on this basis. Questionnaires and scales were used to compare differences of the two groups after discharge from hospital, such as medication compliance, recurrence rate of schizophrenia, awareness of health knowledge and quality of life.
Results: After 6 months of nursing for the observation group, complete medication compliance rate was 71.11% (64/90), awareness rate of schizophrenia-related health knowledge was 96.67% (87/90), and recurrence rate was 8.89% (8/90). For the control group, complete medication compliance rate was 45.56% (41/90), awareness rate of schizophrenia-related knowledge was 46.67% (42/90) and the recurrence rate of disease was 26.67% (24/90). Hence, the observation group enjoys significant advantages compared with the control group. Statistical analysis (P <0.05) showed statistical significance; In addition, life quality scores showed that the quality of life of the observation group was obviously better than the control group; the difference was statistically significant (P <0.05).
Conclusion: Out-of-hospital continuing nursing for schizophrenia patients after discharge can effectively improve medication compliance, awareness rate of health knowledge, effectively reduce incidence of schizophrenia and improve the quality of life of patients. Thus, the nursing concept and related methods are worthy of publicity and application in a wider range.

PMID: 29423451 [PubMed]