A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal study of lurasidone for the maintenance of efficacy in patients with schizophrenia.

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A double-blind, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal study of lurasidone for the maintenance of efficacy in patients with schizophrenia.

J Psychopharmacol. 2015 Dec 8;

Authors: Tandon R, Cucchiaro J, Phillips D, Hernandez D, Mao Y, Pikalov A, Loebel A

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effectiveness of lurasidone as maintenance treatment for schizophrenia.
METHOD: Adults experiencing an acute exacerbation of schizophrenia initially received 12-24 weeks of open-label treatment with lurasidone (40-80 mg/d, flexibly dosed). Patients who maintained clinical stability for ⩾12 weeks were randomized in double-blind fashion to placebo or lurasidone (40-80 mg/d, flexibly dosed) for an additional 28-week treatment period. The primary efficacy endpoint was time to relapse (based on Kaplan-Meier survival analysis).
RESULTS: A total of 676 patients enrolled in the open-label phase; 285 met protocol-specified stabilization criteria and were randomized to lurasidone (N=144) or placebo (N=141). During the open-label phase, mean Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale total score decreased from 90.1 to 54.4 in patients who met clinical stability criteria and were randomized. In the double-blind phase, lurasidone significantly delayed time to relapse compared with placebo (log-rank test, p=0.039), reflecting a 33.7% reduction in risk of relapse (Cox hazard ratio (95% confidence interval), 0.663 (0.447-0.983); p=0.041). Probability of relapse at the double-blind week 28 endpoint (based on Kaplan-Meier analysis) was 42.2% in the lurasidone group and 51.2% in the placebo group. Minimal changes in weight, lipid, glucose, and prolactin were observed throughout the study.
CONCLUSIONS: This multicenter, placebo-controlled, randomized withdrawal study demonstrated the efficacy of lurasidone for the maintenance treatment of patients with schizophrenia.

PMID: 26645209 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]