A meta-analysis of adjuvant group-interventions in psychiatric care for patients with bipolar disorders.

A meta-analysis of adjuvant group-interventions in psychiatric care for patients with bipolar disorders.

J Affect Disord. 2017 Jun 27;222:28-31

Authors: Macheiner T, Skavantzos A, Pilz R, Reininghaus EZ

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Bipolar disorders are ranked amongst the top ten causes of global disability and cause high health care costs. Previous studies have showed that mood stabilizing drug therapy combined with psychological treatments lead to significantly fewer relapses and a reduction in hospitalization rates. However, there is a wide spectrum of psychosocial intervention methods for individuals and groups which have been insufficiently examined on a scientific basis.
METHODS: Studies published between 2003 and 2015 on different types of adjuvant psychosocial group interventions in the MESH database were reviewed and evaluated for their efficacy on patients with bipolar disorder related to the relapse ratio by a meta-analysis.
RESULTS: The meta-analysis included 24 intervention groups and showed that 75% of treated groups under medication and psychosocial therapy had a lower risk of a relapse than the control groups which only received medication therapy.
LIMITATIONS: The meta-analysis includes a number of trials with participants in different phases of disease course and study designs, the number of studies in each analyzed intervention group was not balanced and many studies focused on recovery and recurrence of episodes, precluding identification of the impact on subsyndromal symptoms CONCLUSIONS: Adjuvant psychosocial interventions seem to be indispensable for patients, their relations as well as for saving costs in the health care system. Nevertheless, an evaluation of effectiveness and impact factors of different psychosocial intervention methods needs further research.

PMID: 28668712 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]