Day care as an innovative approach in psychiatry: Analysis of Lucknow experience.

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Day care as an innovative approach in psychiatry: Analysis of Lucknow experience.

Indian J Psychiatry. 2015 Apr-Jun;57(2):162-4

Authors: Agarwal AK, Rai S, Upreti MC, Srivastava AK, Sheeba

Abstract
CONTEXT: This article aims at demonstrating the effectiveness of day care centers in Indian setting. This is to provide impetus for an innovative approach in psychiatric practice in India.
AIMS: The aim was to narrate the experiences of a day care center being practiced in India.
SETTINGS AND DESIGN: The study provides the experiences gained in a day care center at Lucknow. The center was started in a hired building with a minimum of staff. The cost of the program is around 30,000/months.
SUBJECTS AND METHODS: The day care center has been run for nearly 5 years. During this period, 95 clients visited the center and 69 enrolled in the day care. Nearly 35 continued and 34 dropped out due to various reasons.
STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: Descriptive study.
RESULTS: There were 49 patients suffering from schizophrenia, 11 from affective disorders, and 9 patients were clubbed in the miscellaneous group. The miscellaneous group consisted of pervasive developmental disorders, slow learners, obsessive compulsive disorders (OCD) and borderline subnormality with psychosis. Most patients had a long duration of illness. The patients of schizophrenia continued in the program more often than other group. Nearly 50% of patients have obtained jobs. The exposure to day care improved the patient's social and occupational behavior. The core symptoms did not change substantially. The families were greatly empowered, and they developed a positive attitude toward illness.
CONCLUSIONS: Of the 59 patients who joined the day care program 35 could continue regularly. Among these patients, nearly 50% could take up jobs. Social and occupational behaviors improved remarkably. The families were empowered, and they developed a positive attitude toward mental illness. Such programs can be improvised with minimal costs and can be value addition in psychiatric practice. We need to develop indigenous know-how for such programs. This is a preliminary communication.

PMID: 26124522 [PubMed]

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