A further consideration on long-acting injectable versus oral antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia: a narrative review and critical appraisal.

A further consideration on long-acting injectable versus oral antipsychotics in the treatment of schizophrenia: a narrative review and critical appraisal.

Expert Opin Drug Deliv. 2015 Dec 4;:1-12

Authors: Suzuki T

Abstract
INTRODUCTION: Many patients with schizophrenia exhibit difficulties in maintaining adherence to oral antipsychotics, calling for more reliable drug delivery systems. Areas covered: While non-randomized studies have indicated consistent effectiveness of long-acting injectable antipsychotics (LAIs) over oral counterparts to prevent negative consequences such as relapse, hospitalization and all-cause discontinuation, efficacy results from randomized controlled comparative trials have not been that impressive. The results rely heavily on the study design and the population studied. Further, LAIs are frequently used as an adjunctive to ongoing other antipsychotics or psychotropics, but not solely, in the real world. Expert opinion: To put LAI-oral comparisons into clinical context, the following information is urgently necessary: (1) How LAIs compare with each other in head-to-head comparisons? (2) How effective is it to switch among different LAIs? (3) How early in the treatment stage should LAIs be utilized? (4) How long the interval of LAI administration can be extended? (5) How LAIs compare with clozapine in head-to-head comparisons? (6) How effective are LAIs when clozapine is ineffective? (7) How effective is clozapine when LAIs are ineffective? (8) How effective is it to combine clozapine and LAIs when neither is effective alone? This paper narratively discusses these critical perspectives.

PMID: 26636244 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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