Sexual dysfunction and its impact on quality of life in Chinese patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care.

Sexual dysfunction and its impact on quality of life in Chinese patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care.

Compr Psychiatry. 2016 Feb;65:116-121

Authors: Hou CL, Zang Y, Rosen RC, Cai MY, Li Y, Jia FJ, Lin YQ, Ungvari GS, Ng CH, Chiu HF, Xiang YT

Abstract
PURPOSE: Sexual dysfunction in schizophrenia patients is common. In China, maintenance treatment for clinically stable patients with schizophrenia is usually provided by primary care physicians. Illness- or treatment-related sexual dysfunction in this patient population has been never studied. This study describes the prevalence and correlates of sexual dysfunction and its impact on quality of life (QOL) in patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care in China.
METHOD: A total of 607 patients with schizophrenia treated in 22 randomly selected primary care services in China formed the study sample. Patients' socio-demographic and clinical characteristics including sexual function and QOL were recorded using a standardized protocol and data collection.
RESULTS: Sexual dysfunction was present in 69.9% of all patients; 60.7% in males and 80.6% in females. Multiple logistic regression analysis revealed that female gender, being single, older age and use of first-generation antipsychotics were independently and significantly associated with more sexual dysfunction accounting for 23.5% of its variance (P<0.001). Unexpectedly, sexual dysfunction was not associated with lower QOL.
CONCLUSIONS: High rate of sexual dysfunction was reported in the majority of patients with schizophrenia treated in primary care in China. Given its negative impact on social adjustment, QOL and treatment adherence, efforts should be made to address sexual dysfunction in this patient population.

PMID: 26773999 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]