Quality of Life in Psychosis: Prevalence and Associated Factors in a Nigerian Clinical Population.

Quality of Life in Psychosis: Prevalence and Associated Factors in a Nigerian Clinical Population.

Community Ment Health J. 2015 Feb 21;

Authors: Lasebikan VO, Owoaje ET

Abstract
Aim of the study was to assess sociodemographic and clinical determinants of quality of life in psychotic patients in a general hospital population in Nigeria. Information was obtained on demography, duration of untreated illness (DUI) and functioning among Schizophrenia (368), schizoaffective disorder (70), and 214 patients with affective psychosis. Functioning was assessed using GAF, severity of psychopathology with PANSS and quality of life using WHOQoL-BREF. In general, the differences in the QoL across the three psychotic disorders were small. Linear regression analysis, showed that high GAF p < 0.001, medication adherence, p = 0.007 were associated with good QoL in schizophrenia, low PANSS p < 0.001 and short DUI p = 0.001 in schizoaffective disorder and low PANSS, high GAF p < 0.001 respectively in affective psychosis. QoL and its determinants in psychosis are not absolutely different. More research is required in this area.

PMID: 25701078 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]