Pharmacotherapy of Acute Mania: Monotherapy or Combination Therapy with Mood Stabilizers and Antipsychotics?

Pharmacotherapy of Acute Mania: Monotherapy or Combination Therapy with Mood Stabilizers and Antipsychotics?

CNS Drugs. 2015 Feb 25;

Authors: Grande I, Vieta E

Abstract
The use of combination therapy with mood stabilizers and antipsychotics in acute mania in bipolar disorder (BD) is widespread, although most treatment guidelines recommend monotherapy as the first option, and reserve combination therapy, which is associated with more frequent and more severe side effects, for when patients do not respond to the former treatment option. Reasons to prescribe combination therapy include the lack of efficacy of the current treatment (either real or due to undisclosed poor adherence), psychiatric comorbidities, severe previous course of illness, slow cross-tapering during treatment switching, and potential benefits from particular combinations. The decision to start with monotherapy or combination therapy may depend on the patient characteristics, and is still under debate. Clinical trials designed to ascertain whether combination therapy or monotherapy is more advantageous for patients in acute mania and beyond, according to illness severity, are urgently needed. Adding a third monotherapy arm to the conventional two-arm, adjunctive-design trials or initiating combination therapy from the beginning may help to shed some light on the issue.

PMID: 25711483 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

Log In