Aripiprazole once-monthly for treatment of schizophrenia: double-blind, randomised, non-inferiority study.

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Aripiprazole once-monthly for treatment of schizophrenia: double-blind, randomised, non-inferiority study.

Br J Psychiatry. 2014 Jun 12;

Authors: Fleischhacker WW, Sanchez R, Perry PP, Jin N, Peters-Strickland T, Johnson BR, Baker RA, Eramo A, McQuade RD, Carson WH, Walling D, Kane JM

Abstract
BACKGROUND: Long-acting injectable formulations of antipsychotics are treatment alternatives to oral agents.
AIMS: To assess the efficacy of aripiprazole once-monthly compared with oral aripiprazole for maintenance treatment of schizophrenia.
METHOD: A 38-week, double-blind, active-controlled, non-inferiority study; randomisation (2:2:1) to aripiprazole once-monthly 400 mg, oral aripiprazole (10-30 mg/day) or aripiprazole once-monthly 50 mg (a dose below the therapeutic threshold for assay sensitivity). (Trial registration: clinicaltrials.gov, NCT00706654.) RESULTS: A total of 1118 patients were screened, and 662 responders to oral aripiprazole were randomised. Kaplan-Meier estimated impending relapse rates at week 26 were 7.12% for aripiprazole once-monthly 400 mg and 7.76% for oral aripiprazole. This difference (-0.64%, 95% CI -5.26 to 3.99) excluded the predefined non-inferiority margin of 11.5%. Treatments were superior to aripiprazole once-monthly 50 mg (21.80%, P⩽0.001).
CONCLUSIONS: Aripiprazole once-monthly 400 mg was non-inferior to oral aripiprazole, and the reduction in Kaplan-Meier estimated impending relapse rate at week 26 was statistically significant v. aripiprazole once-monthly 50 mg.

PMID: 24925984 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]

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