Cognitive Stimulation Therapy for Dementia: Pilot Studies of Acceptability and Feasibility of Cultural Adaptation for India.

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Cognitive Stimulation Therapy for Dementia: Pilot Studies of Acceptability and Feasibility of Cultural Adaptation for India.

Am J Geriatr Psychiatry. 2017 Sep;25(9):1029-1032

Authors: Raghuraman S, Lakshminarayanan M, Vaitheswaran S, Rangaswamy T

Abstract
OBJECTIVE: This study aims to culturally adapt, translate, and test the feasibility and acceptability of delivering cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) for persons with mild to moderate dementia in Chennai, India.
METHODS: The adaptation followed a five-stage process in accordance with the formative method for adapting psychotherapy. Focus-group discussions with experts and feedback from participants, carers, and facilitators after two consecutive pilot studies provided the basis for adaptation.
RESULTS: Substantial modifications were required. The adapted program was found to be an acceptable, enjoyable, and constructive by participants and carers alike.
CONCLUSION: CST was successfully adapted for use in South India. Translations into other Indian languages using the adapted manual are required for nation-wide implementation. Large-scale clinical trials are required to replicate global reports on the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of CST in India across different settings.

PMID: 28545833 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]

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